برجراف عن الهالوين

كتابة امتنان العلي - تاريخ الكتابة: 23 سبتمبر, 2020 5:49
برجراف عن الهالوين


برجراف عن الهالوين نقدمة اليكم في هذا المقال مع عرض لاهم المعلومات عن الهالوين ومظاهر الاحتفال به.

برجراف عن الهالوين

is a celebration observed in many countries on 31 October, the eve of the Western Christian feast of All Hallows’ Day. It begins the three-day observance of Allhallowtide,[9] the time in the liturgical year dedicated to remembering the dead, including saints (hallows), martyrs, and all the faithful departed.
It is widely believed that many Halloween traditions originated from ancient Celtic harvest festivals, particularly the Gaelic festival Samhain; that such festivals may have had pagan roots; and that Samhain itself was Christianized as Halloween by the early Church. Some believe, however, that Halloween began solely as a Christian holiday, separate from ancient festivals like Samhain.
Halloween activities include trick-or-treating (or the related guising and souling), attending Halloween costume parties, carving pumpkins into jack-o’-lanterns, lighting bonfires, apple bobbing, divination games, playing pranks, visiting haunted attractions, telling scary stories, as well as watching horror films. In many parts of the world, the Christian religious observances of All Hallows’ Eve, including attending church services and lighting candles on the graves of the dead, remain popular, although elsewhere it is a more commercial and secular celebration. Some Christians historically abstained from meat on All Hallows’ Eve, a tradition reflected in the eating of certain vegetarian foods on this vigil day, including apples, potato pancakes, and soul cakes.

Halloween parties

If you are in Sheffield, in the north of England, at the end of October you can go to Fright Night. What is Fright Night? People in Sheffield say it’s ‘Britain’s Biggest Halloween Party’ and it attracts about 40,000 people each year. There are activities for kids, teenagers and adults including a fancy dress catwalk, urban dance, a monster in the fountain and a zombie garden, as well as the traditional apple bobbing and a competition for the best pumpkin lantern. If you don’t have a big Halloween party in your area, some people have parties at home or at youth clubs where they dress up and play scary games or tell ghost stories.

Watch a horror film

Not in the mood for a Halloween party? Older teenagers that aren’t helping their younger sisters and brothers to trick or treat sometimes watch a scary film with friends either at home or at the cinema. Any film with the words ‘Halloween’, ‘Vampire’, ‘Dead’ or ‘Zombie’ in the title is probably going to be quite scary.
In the UK films are divided into categories depending on whether they are for children, teens or adults. ‘U’ films are suitable for all ages, ‘15’ films are for people aged 15 or over and ‘18’ films are for adults only. Many cinemas in the UK show old black-and-white, classic horror films such as Psycho on the night of 31 October. Interestingly, you needed to be over 18 to see Psycho at the cinema in 1960. Now, though, the film has a ‘15’ rating.

ما هو الهالوين Halloween

الهالوين عيد يتم الاحتفال بها سنويا في الحادي والثلاثين من أكتوبر. ترجع أصول الهالوين الى احتفال سلتيك القديم Celtic festival. يحتفل شعب السلتيك ممن عاشوا قبل 2000 عام, والذي كان يعيش أغلبهم في أيرلندا, المملكة المتحدة وشمال فرنسا الان, ببداية العام الجديد في الأول من نوفمبر.
Halloween is a holiday celebrated each year on October 31. Halloween’s origins date back to the ancient Celtic festival of Samhain. The Celts, who lived 2,000 years ago, mostly in the area that is now Ireland, the United Kingdom and northern France, celebrated their new year on November 1.
يمثل هذا اليوم نهاية فصل الصيف والحصاد وبداية الشتاء المظلم والبارد, كما أن هذا الوقت من السنة غالبا ما كان يرتبط بموت البشر.
يعتقد شعب سلتس أن الحدود بين عالم البشر والموتى مبهمة وذلك في الليلة التي تسبق العام الجديد, لذلك يحتفلون في ليلة الحادي والثلاثين من أكتوبر ( ساين/ الهالوين), حيث يعتقدون بنزول أشباح الموتى الى الأرض.
يقوم الدرويد ( الكهنة / القسيسين) ببناء مشاعل ضخمة يتجمع حولها الناس لحرق المحاصيل والحيوانات كقرابين لألهة السلتك في إطار الاحتفال باليوم. يقوم شعب السلتك بإرتداء أزياء مصنوعة من رؤوس الحيوانات وجلودهم خلال الاحتفال.
This day marked the end of summer and the harvest and the beginning of the dark, cold winter, a time of year that was often associated with human death.
Celts believed that on the night before the new year, the boundary between the worlds of the living and the dead became blurred. On the night of October 31 they celebrated Samhain, when it was believed that the ghosts of the dead returned to earth.
To commemorate the event, Druids built huge sacred bonfires, where the people gathered to burn crops and animals as sacrifices to the Celtic deities. During the celebration, the Celts wore costumes, typically consisting of animal heads and skins.
ومن هنا ظهرت العادات والتقاليد الأمريكية واستمرت في الانتشار.الان, ينفق الشعب الأمريكي ما يقرب من 6 مليار دولار احتفالا بالهالوين, بإعتباره ثاني أكبر عيد بعد الكريسماس.
Thus, a new American tradition was born, and it has continued to grow. Today, Americans spend an estimated $6 billion annually on Halloween, making it the country’s second largest commercial holiday after Christmas.



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